Budgeting

Budgeting means you are in control of your money, however much or little you have. There are two main things which you need to do:

  • Keep track of all the money you have coming in (also known as your income) and everything you spend it on.
  • Manage your spending. Once you know how much income you have, you know how much you can spend.

The basic rule of budgeting is that you must not spend more than your income.

How to budget

There are different ways of keeping track of your income and expenditure, and managing your spending. You could:

  • use a notebook and a calculator
  • try one of the many budget planners available on the internet such as through the Government-backed Money Advice Service or the generally reliable Money Saving Expert (though most are not particularly designed for teenagers)
  • devise your own system using Excel or similar
  • try one of the budgeting apps designed for tablets or smartphones – some current apps are tested here

Whichever method you choose, you need to do it regularly. A good pattern is:

Every day or week

  • Make a note of everything that you have spent that day or week (most people significantly underestimate their regular or minor spending – coffees, magazines etc).

Every month

  • Make a note of your income for that month – any allowance from your parents/carers and/or earnings from part-time or holiday jobs.
  • Add up all your daily or weekly spending totals and compare them with your income.
  • Make sure that you’re not spending more than your income.
  • Analyse where your money is going – clothes? going out? make-up? food?
  • Check that you’re happy with the amount you’re spending on the different categories – sometimes it comes as a surprise.
  • Use this month’s figures to think about next month. Work out:
    • what income you are likely to have
    • what you need to spend (birthday presents, any trips or outings etc)
    • what you would like to buy and how much this is likely to cost.
  • Adjust your spending plans to make sure you won’t spend more than your income. If you know that you’re going to have any big expenses, see if you can plan to spend less on other things.

Some people like to have different budgets for different things. For example, if you knew you normally had £50 per month, you could budget to spend £20 on clothes, £15 on going out, and £5 on make-up/toiletries. This would leave you £10 for all those other things that always seem to come up.

If your budgeting exercise shows that you spend more than your income – take action! You need to increase your income or reduce your spending.

If it shows that you spend less than your income – think about saving.

If you have a reasonable amount of income, think about opening a bank or building society account.  

If you’re about to become a student or full-time employee, read our extra tips here.

As well as the pages linked to above, you might also be interested in our pages on:

 

accounting-57284_640
Understanding the language of money
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Be organised